Conversational Hypnosis - A Practical Guide (Mind Control Techniques Book 1)
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Thanks for telling us about the problem. Return to Book Page. Discover the power of influence, persuasion and mind control with this practical guide to the art of conversational hypnosis. Conversational hypnosis, also commonly known as "covert hypnosis," is the art of influencing others by giving them direct subconscious commands to follow, which seem like normal everyday conversation. It is a style of communication that you will u Discover the power of influence, persuasion and mind control with this practical guide to the art of conversational hypnosis.
It is a style of communication that you will use to "subtly direct anyone's subconscious mind to take action. It is not just what you are saying that is going to compel others to take action; it is a combination of how you say what you are saying. You are going to be learning how to use your voice, posture and body language in order to deliver a hypnotic command in a seemingly normal conversation that will influence the person you are talking to take action. After reading this book, you will master If you want, they will even believe it was their idea in the first place the basic hypnotic formula, building rapport, psychological devices hypnotic points , trick phrases, trance states, and other hypnotic tools that all hypnotists must have in their arsenal.
With this book, you have all of the tools necessary to successfully persuade almost anyone to do anything. This is the most powerful tool to have at your disposal in order to influence and persuade others. The most powerful persuasion tool is the ability to use conversational hypnosis effectively, because in order to convince anyone to do anything you need to know how to persuade them instantly. This can only be done by bypassing their conscious mind, that will almost always try to contradict what you are saying, and speak directly to their subconscious mind; which is much more open to suggestion.
This is the art of conversational hypnosis. What are you waiting for? Check it out for yourself. About the Author Michael Kiff's slogan is, "Tried and true leadership strategies for the price of a coffee. Many "professionals" perpetuate the idea that true success only comes with great difficulty and an exorbitant amount of money; which prevents average people from achieving the prosperity that they deserve. What you need and what Michael Kiff provides are step-by-step strategies that are proven to work. Get A Copy. Kindle Edition , 79 pages.
More Details Other Editions 3. Friend Reviews. To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. Lists with This Book. They have been convinced that one thing is true when the complete opposite is right. This can get dangerous when the deceit is hiding information that could keep the subject safe. Often, deception is seen during relationships and will usually lead to feelings of distrust and betrayal between the two partners.
When deception occurs, there has been a violation of the relational rules and can make it difficult for the partner to trust the other for a long time. It can be particularly damaging because most people are use to trusting those around them, especially relational partners and friends, and expect them to be truthful to them for the most part.
When they find out that someone they are close to is deceiving them, they may have issues with trusting others and will not have the sense of security that they are used to.
Conversational Hypnosis A Practical Guide
Deception can cause a lot of issues in a relationship or within the agent and subject. The subject will have a lot of issues trusting the agent in the future once they find out about the deception. There will be times when the deception will be done in order to help out the relationship.
These would include things such as not telling a spouse when someone says something mean about them. Other times the deception is more spiteful or harmful in nature such as when the agent is hiding important information from the subject or is even deceiving in the person that they really are. No matter what type of deception is being deployed, most people agree that deception is harmful and should not be done. This chapter is going to focus on the process of brainwashing and all the components that come with it.
Through the media and the movies that are seen, many people see brainwashing as an evil practice that is done by those who are trying to corrupt, influence, and to gain power. Some who really believe in the power of brainwashing believe that people all around them are trying to control their minds and their behavior. For the most part, the process of brainwashing occurs in a much more subtle way and does not involve the sinister practices that most people associate with it.
This chapter will go into a lot more detail about what brainwashing is and how it can influence the subjects way of thinking. Brainwashing in this guidebook will be discussed in terms of its use in psychology. In this relation, brainwashing is referred to as a method of thought reform through social influence. This kind of social influence is occurring all throughout the day to every person, regardless of whether they realize it or not.
Social influence is the collection of methods that are used in order to change other peoples behaviors, beliefs, and attitudes. For example, compliance methods that are used in the workplace could technically be considered a form of brainwashing because they require you to act and think a specific way when you are on the job. Brainwashing can become more of a social issue in its most severe form because these approaches work at changing the way someone thinks without the subject consenting to it. For brainwashing to work effectively, the subject is going to need to go through a complete isolation and dependency due to its invasive influence on the subject.
This is one of the reasons that many of the brainwashing cases that are known about occur in totalistic cults or prison camps. The brainwasher, or the agent, must be able to gain complete control over their subject. This means that they must control the eating habits, sleeping patterns, and fulfilling the other human needs of the subject and none of these actions can occur without the will of the agent. During this process, the agent will work to systematically break down the subjects whole identity to basically make it not work right anymore. Once the identity is broken, the agent will work to replace it with the desired beliefs, attitudes, and behaviors.
The process of brainwashing is still up for debate whether or not it will work. Most psychologists hold the beliefs that it is possible to brainwash a subject as long as the right conditions are present. Even then, the whole process is not as severe as it is presented in the media. There are also different definitions of brainwashing that make it more difficult to determine the effects of brainwashing on the subject. Some of these definitions require that there must be some sort of threat to the physical body of the subject in order to be considered brainwashing.
If you follow this definition, then even the practices done by many extremist cults would not be considered true brainwashing as no physical abuse occurs. Other definitions of brainwashing will rely on control and coercion without physical force in order to get the change in the beliefs of the subjects. Either way, experts believe that the effect of brainwashing, even under the ideal conditions, is only a short term occurrence. They believe that the old identity of the subject is not completely eradicated with the practice; rather, it is put into hiding and will return once the new identity is not reinforced anymore.
Robert Jay Lifton came up with some interesting thoughts on brainwashing in the s after he studied prisoners of the Chinese and Korean War camps. During his observations, he determined that these prisoners underwent a multistep process to brainwashing. This process began with attacks on the sense of self with the prisoner and then ended with a supposed change in beliefs of the subject. There are 10 steps that Lifton defined for the brainwashing process in the subjects that he studied.
These included: 1. An assault on the identity of the subject 2. Forcing guilt on the subject 3. Forcing the subject into self-betrayal 4. Reaching a breaking point 5. Offering the subject leniency if they change 6. Compulsion to confess 7. Channeling the guilt in the intended direction 8. Releasing the subject of supposed guilt. All of these stages must take place in an area that is in complete isolation.
This means that all of the normal social references that the subject is used to coming in contact with are unavailable.
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In addition, mind clouding techniques will be employed in order to expedite the process such as malnutrition and sleep deprivation. While this might not be true of all brainwashing cases, often there is a presence of some sort of physical harm which contributes to the target having difficulty in thinking independently and critically like they normally would.
While Lifton separated the steps of the brainwashing process into 10 steps, modern psychologists organize it into three stages in order to better understand what goes on for the subject during this process. These three stages include the breaking down of the self, introducing the idea of salvation to the subject, and the rebuilding of the self of the subject.
Understanding each of these stages and the process that happens with each of them can help you to understand what is going on to the identity of the subject with this process. The first stage of the brainwashing process is the breaking down of the self. During this process, the agent wants to break up the old identity of the subject in order to make them feel more vulnerable and open to the desired new identity. This step is necessary in order to continue on the process.
The agent is not going to be very successful with their endeavors if the subject is still firmly set in their resolve and their old identity. Breaking up this identity and making the person question the things around them can make it easier to change the identity in the later steps. This is done through several steps including assault on the identity of the subject, brining on guilt, self-betrayal, and then reaching the breaking point.
Assault on Identity. The assault on the identity of the subject is basically the systematic attack on the subjects sense of self, or their ego or identity along with their core system of belief. It makes the subject question who they are by making them think that everything they have ever known is wrong. The agent will spend a great deal of time denying everything that the subject is.
In prisoner camps, for example, the agent will say things like You are not defending freedom, You are not a man, and You are not a soldier. The subject will be under attacks like these constantly for days up to months. This is done in order to exhaust the subjects so that they become disoriented, confused, and exhausted. When the subject reaches this kind of state, their beliefs will start to seem less solid and they might start to believe the things that they are told.
Once the subject has gone through the assault on their identity, they will enter the stage of guilt. The subject will be constantly told that they are bad while going through this new identity crisis that has been brought on. This is done in order to bring a large sense of guilt on to the subject. The subject will be constantly under attack for any of the things that they have done, regardless of how big or small the acts may be. The range of the attacks can vary as well; the subject could be criticized for their belief systems to the way that they dress and even because they eat too slowly.
Over time, the subject is going to start to feel shame around them all of the time and they will feel that all the things they are doing are wrong. This can help to make them feel more vulnerable and likely to go along with the new identity the agent wants to produce. Now that the subject has been led to believe that they are bad and that all of their actions are undesirable, the agent is going to work to force the subject to admit that they are bad.
At this point, the subject is drowning in their own guilt and feeling very disoriented. Through the continuance of the mental attacks, the threat of some great physical harm, or a combination of the two, the agent will be able to force the subject to denounce his old identity.
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This can include a wide variety of things such as getting the subject to. While this process may take a while to occur, once it does, the subject will feel like he betrayed those that he feels loyal to. This will also increase the shame as well as the loss of identity that the target is already feeling, further breaking down the identity of the subject.
Breaking Point. By this point, the subject is feeling very broken down and disoriented. They may be asking questions such as Where am I? Who am I? The subject is in an identity crisis at this point and is going through some deep shame. Since they have betrayed all of the beliefs and the people that he has always known, the subject is going to go through a nervous breakdown.
In psychology, this just means a collection of severe symptoms that often indicate a large number of supposed psychological disturbances. Some of the symptoms can involve general disorientation, deep depression, and uncontrolled sobbing. The subject may have the feelings of being completely lost along with having a loose grip on reality. Once the subject reaches this breaking point, they will have lost their sense of self and the agent will pretty much be able to do whatever they want with them at this point since the subject has lost their understanding of what is going on around them and who they are.
Also at this point, the agent will set up the various temptations that are necessary in order to convert the subject towards a new belief system. The new system will be set up in a way to offer salvation to the subject from the misery that they are feeling. After the agent has been effective at breaking down the self of the subject, it is time to move on to the next step. This step involves offering the subject the possibility of salvation only if they are willing to turn away from their former belief system and instead embrace the new one that is being offered.
The subject is given the chance to understand what is around them, are told that they would be good again and that they would feel better if they would just follow the new desired path. There are four steps that are included in this stage of the brainwashing process; leniency, compulsion to confession, channeling of the guilt and releasing of the guilt. Leniency is the I can help you stage.
The subject has been broken down and forced to turn away from the people and the beliefs that they have held on to for so many years. They have been told that they are bad and that everything they do is wrong. The subject is going to feel lost and all alone in the world, shameful at all of the bad things that they have done and wondering which way they can turn.
When they reach this stage, the agent is able to offer them some form of release by offering to help them. This will often be in the form of a reprieve from the abuse the subject has incurred or some other small kindness. For example, the agent can offer a little extra food or a drink of water to the subject or even take a few moments to ask the subject personal questions about home and loved ones.
In the subjects current state, these small acts of kindness will seem like a big deal, resulting in the subject feeling a big sense of gratitude and relief towards the agent. Often these feelings are way out of proportion in comparison to the offering that has been made. In some instances, the subject may feel like the agent has done the act of saving their life rather than just offering a small service. This distortion of events works in the favor of the agent as the subject is now going to gain ties of loyalty with the agent rather than things of the past. Once the agent has been able to gain the trust of their subject, they will try to get a confession out of the process.
This stage is often known as the You can help yourself. During this stage of the brainwashing process, the subject starts to see the differences between the pain and guilt that they felt during the identity assault and the relief that they are feeling from the sudden leniency that is offered.
If the brainwashing process is effective, the subject may even start to feel a desire to reciprocate some of the kindness that has been offered to them by the agent. When this occurs, the agent will be able to present the idea of confession as a possible means to relieving the subject of the pain and guilt that they are feeling. The subject will then be led through a process of confessing all of the wrongs and sins that they have done in the past. Of course, these wrongs and sins will be in relation to how they affect the new identity that is being created.
For example, if the subject is a prisoner of war, this step will allow them to confess the wrongs that they did by defending freedom or fighting against the regime of the other country. Even if these are not necessarily wrongs or sins, they go against the new ideology that the regime is always right and so they must be confessed. Channeling of Guilt. Once the subject enters the channeling of guilt step, they have been undergoing the assault of their self for many months. By the time the subject reaches this point in the brainwashing process, they are able to feel the guilt and the shame that has been put on them, but it has pretty much lost its meaning.
They are not able to tell you exactly what they have done wrong to make them feel this way; they just know that they are wrong. The agent will be able to use the blank slate of the subject in order to explain why they are in the pain that they are feeling. The agent will be able to attach the sense of guilt that the subject is feeling to whatever they want.
If the agent is trying to replace a system of beliefs, they will take the old system and convince the subject that those beliefs are what are making them feel the guilt. This is the stage where the contract between the old beliefs and the new beliefs are established; basically, the old belief system has been established to correspond with the psychological agony that the subject has been feeling while the new belief system has been established to correspond with the ability to escape that agony. The choice will be the subjects, but it is pretty easy to see that they would choose the new system in order to start feeling better.
Releasing of Guilt. In this step, the subject has come to realize that their old values and beliefs are causing them pain. By this time they are worn down and tired of feeling the guilt and shame that has been put on them for many months. They start to realize that it is not necessarily something that they have done that makes them feel this way; rather, it is their beliefs that are causing the guilt. The embattled subject is able to feel some relief from the fact that there is something that they can do about the guilt.
They will also feel relieved because they now have come to the understanding that they are not the bad person, rather it is the people that they have been around and their belief system that is the true culprit that is causing the malaise which is something that they can fix in order to become good again. The subject has learned that they have a means of escape simply by escaping the wrong belief system that they have held and embracing the new one that is being offered. All that the subject will have to do in order to release the guilt that they are feeling is to denounce the institutions and people that are associated with the old belief system and then.
The subject now has some control over this stage. They will be able to realize that the release of guilt is up to them completely. All the subject will need to do for this stage in order to be released from the wrongness is to confess to any of the acts they have committed that are associated with the old belief system. Once the full confession is done, the subject will have completed the full psychological rejection of their former identity. The agent will need to step in at this point in order to offer a new identity to the subject and help them to rebuild their identity into the desired one.
By this step, the subject has gone through a lot of steps and emotional turmoil. They have been put through an ordeal that is meant to strip them of their old identity, told that they are bad and need to be fixed, and slowly come to the realization that their belief system is the cause of their wrongness and that it needs to be changed. Once all of this has been reached, the subject is going to need to learn how to rebuild their self, with the help of the agent. This stage allows the agent the freedom to implant the ideas of the new system since the subject is a clean slate and very eager to learn how to be and feel better.
There are two steps that are seen during this stage including harmony and the final confession before starting over. The agent will use this step in order to convince the subject that it is their choice to make a change. They might tell the subject that they have the choice to choose what is good and make a change that will help them to feel better. The agent will then introduce the new belief system and present it in a way that makes it the good or the right choice. During this stage, the agent will stop the abuse and instead make a point of offering the subject mental calm and physical comfort.
The point of doing this is to align the old beliefs with the pain and suffering while aligning the new beliefs with happiness and relief. This stage is set up so that the subject is given the choice of which road to take, even though it really is not up to them. The subject must use this stage to choose between the old beliefs and the new beliefs, effectively determining how they are going to feel for the rest of their lives. By this point, the subject has already gone through the process of denouncing their old beliefs due to the leniency and torment that they have gone through.
Because of this, it is fairly likely that they are going to make the choice for the new system of belief in order to relieve their guilt. The new identity that has been presented is desirable and safe because it is completely different than the old identity that led to the breakdown in earlier steps. Using logic and considering the state of mind that the subject is in, it is easier to see that the only identity that the subject is going to choose for their own peace of mind and safety is the new one.
Even though the choice is really not theirs at all, the agent has strategically worked the whole time to lead the subject to feeling like they have the free will to choose the new identity. If the brainwashing process is done correctly, the subject will think logically about the new choices and determine that the best one is to take up the new identity.
They have been conditioned to think this way and in their new state of mind, it is the one that makes the most sense. There are no other choices; choosing the new identity allows them to be relieved from the guilt that they feel and leads to happiness while choosing the old identity leads to pain and guilt. If for some reason the subject did deny the new identity, there would be a backtracking in the whole brainwashing process and they would be forced to undergo it all again in order to end up with the. During this stage of the process, the subject gets to decide that they will choose good, which means that they get to choose to go with the new identity.
When the subject contrasts the agony and pain of their old identity with the peacefulness that comes with the new, they are going to choose the new identity. This new identity is like a form of salvation. It is the thing that helps them to feel good and not have to deal with guilt and unhappiness anymore. As this stage completes, the subject is going to reject their old identity and will go through a process of pledging allegiance to their new one, knowing that it is going to work at making their life better.
Many times, there are ceremonies and rituals that occur during this final stage. The conversion from the old identity to the new identity is a big deal since much time and energy has been used on both sides. During these ceremonies, the subject will be inducted into the new community and embraced with the new identity. For some brainwashing victims there is the feeling of rebirth during this period. You are allowed to embrace your new identity and are welcomed with open arms into the new community that is now your own.
Instead of being isolated and alone, you have many new friends and community members on your side. Instead of feeling the guilt and pain that has plagued you for many months you are going to feel happiness and peacefulness with everything that is around you. The new identity is now yours and the brainwashing transformation is complete. This process can take place over a period of many months to even years. Most people are set in their identity and the beliefs that they have; it is not possible to change all of this in just a few days unless the person was already willing to change and that would make the brainwashing techniques unnecessary.
Isolation would also be necessary because outside influences will prevent the subject from relying on the agent during this process. This is why most of the brainwashing cases occur in prison camps and other isolated instances; the vast majority of people will not have the chance of encountering brainwashing due to the fact that they are always surrounded by people and technology that would hinder the whole brainwashing process. Once the person is in isolation, the process takes a long time due to the many steps that must be taken in order to change the ideals held by the individual for many years so that they will embrace the new identity as their own while also feeling that the choice has always been theirs.
As can be seen, there are quite a few steps that must be taken in order to go through the brainwashing process. It is not something that is going to happen just by running into someone on the street and exchanging a few words. It requires the isolation and time to convince the subject that everything they know is wrong and that they are a bad person.
It then continues on with trying to force out a confession that the subject is bad and that they want to renounce all of the things that they have done that are bad due to their old identity. Finally, the subject will be led in the direction of believing that they can change for the better if they just abandon their old ideas and instead embrace the peacefulness and rightness that comes with the new identity that is presented.
All of these steps must occur for the brainwashing to be effective and the new identity to be put in place. Throughout history, people have been claiming that they committed terrible wrongs because they had been brainwashed. It was an excuse that many would claim hoping to save their own lives or to get away with a mass murder or some other crime against humanity. It might even be something as simple as stealing from another person.
Whatever the action was, brainwashing was an easy defense because it took the responsibility of the action away from the accused and it was difficult to prove whether someone had been brainwashed or not. Whether brainwashing pleas can be used as a defense in the courtroom is up to some debate. Many experts feel that by allowing this defense into the courtroom, the courts would become overwhelmed with false claims of brainwashing and the resources for proving or disproving this defense would be more than the courts could handle.
Despite this, there have been some cases brought to court that may show the validity of brainwashing as a defense for crimes committed. The first example of this happened in Patty Hearst, the heiress to a large publishing fortune, used the defense of brainwashing when she stood trial for a bank robbery. During the trial, Hearst reported that she had been locked up in a closet for at least a few days after she had been kidnapped.
While in the closet, Hearst stated that she was afraid of her life, brutalized, tired, and was not fed while members of the SLA bombarded her with their ideology against a capitalist country. Within the two months of her kidnapping, Patty had changed her name while also issuing a statement saying that her family were pig-Hearsts and then appeared on the security tape of a bank robbing it along with those who had kidnapped her.
In , Patty Hearst stood trial for this bank robbery and was defended by F. Lee Bailey. In the defense, it was claimed that Hearst had been brainwashed by the SLA. This brainwashing had forced Hearst to commit a crime that she would have never done under any other circumstance. In the mental state that she was under with the brainwashing, she was not able to tell the difference between right and wrong and therefore should not be found guilty of the bank robbery. The court did not agree with this analysis and instead found her guilty and placed her in prison for seven years.
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Just a few years later, President Carter commuted her sentence so she only ended up spending two years in total in prison. Another well-known brainwashing defense is the Lee Boyd Malvo case. This case used the defense of insanity by brainwashing and it ended up in the courtrooms about 30 years after the Patty Hearst case. In , Lee Boyd Malvo was on trial for the role that he played in the sniper attacks that occurred around and in Washington D. Malvo, who was 17 at the time, and John Allen Muhammad, 42, ended up killing 10 people and wounding three during the killing spree.
The defense that was used for this case was that the teenage Malvo had been brainwashed by Muhammad so that he would commit the crimes. Just like in the Hearst case, the defense claimed that Malvo would not have committed these crimes if he had not been under the control of Muhammad.
According to the background story used by the defense, Malvo had been abandoned by his mother on the island of Antigua in the Caribbean when he was 15 years old. Muhammad met the boy and brought him into the United States in Muhammad was an army veteran at the time and worked to fill the head of the teen with visions of a race war that was impending. To that end, Malvo was trained to be an expert. In addition to sharing these ideas with Malvo, Muhammad isolated Malvo from others while being steeped in the vitriolic and idiosyncratic brand of Islam that Muhammad followed along with a strict exercise regimen and diet.
All of this is believed to have been a part of the brainwashing process on the young Malvo. The defense argued that because of his time spent with Muhammad, Malvo had been brainwashed and because of this, he was not capable of telling what was right from what was wrong. Despite the efforts of the defense, Malvo was found to be guilty and had a sentence of life in prison without any chance of parole. In a separate trial, Muhammad was sentenced to the death penalty. So far, it does not seem like brainwashing will gain much ground as a form of defense in the courtroom. To start with, it is much too difficult to prove that a defendant has been brainwashed in the first place.
Next, it is very unlikely that someone has been brainwashed and instead the defense is just using it as a means to get a lighter sentence or the actions of their client forgiven. In addition, many juries seem to find the idea of brainwashing completely ridiculous. Overall, this defense will probably not see much strength growing in the courtroom. Brainwashing is not always as intense as what has been described so far in this chapter. The methods described are used for true brainwashing and are rarely done to the subject.
There are many other types of brainwashing that actually happen on a day to day basis. They might not work to make you completely give up your old identity in favor of a new one, but they do work to help shift your thoughts and ideas on what is going on around you.
This section is going to focus on some of the tactics that are often used during the brainwashing process, regardless of whether it is true brainwashing or not. Hypnosis-hypnosis, which will be discussed in more detail in the next chapter, is a form of brainwashing in some circumstances. Hypnosis is basically the induction of a high state of suggestibility. This state is often disguised thinly as meditation or relaxation. During the process of hypnosis, the agent is able to suggest things to the subject in hopes of getting them to act or react in a certain way.
Many people are familiar with hypnosis from the stage shows they have seen. It is also often used as a way to improve health. Peer Pressure-everyone has an innate need to belong. This could be with a particular group, their family, friends, and the community. With the peer pressure tactic there is a suppression of the doubt that the subject feels along with getting rid of their resistance to new ideas by exploiting this strong need to belong. If done right, the subject may be more willing to try out new things, be less shy around new people, and may have an easier time making new friends.
Love Bombingthe sense of family is very strong in people. This is the group that you were born into and that you have supposedly been around for your whole life. They know you better than anyone and those who have missed out on this kind of relationship may find that they are feeling alone and unwanted. With love bombing, the agent is able to create a sense of the family by the use of emotional bonding, feeling and through sharing and physical touch. This allows the agent and the subject to bond in a familial way, making it easier to trade in the old identity for the new one.
Rejecting Old Valuesas mentioned a little bit earlier in this chapter, the agent is working to convince the subject to denounce all of their own values. This process is accelerated through the process of intimidation, physical threat, and other means. At the end, the subject will denounce the values and beliefs that they once held close and will begin to accept the new lifestyle that is presented to them by the agent.
Confusing Doctrinein this tactic, there will be an encouragement to blindly accept the new identity while rejecting other logic that the subject will have. In order to do this, the agent will go through a complex set of lectures about a doctrine that is going to be incomprehensible. The subject will learn to blindly trust what the agent is saying through this process, whether it is about the doctrine or about the new identity that is being formed. Metacommunicationthis tactic is employed when the agent works to implant subliminal messages into the mind of the subject. This will be done when the agent stresses certain words or phrases that are key to the new identity.
These phrases and key words will be implanted into confusing long lectures that the subject will be forced to sit through. No Privacyprivacy is a privilege that many subjects will lose until they have converted over to the new identity that is provided to them. Not only is this taken away as a method to make the guilt and wrongness more apparent to the subject, but it also takes away the ability the subject has to logically evaluate the things that they are being told. If the subject is allowed to have privacy, they will have time to privately.
Taking away this privacy means that the agent or agents are always around and the subject is always being led to the new identity. Disinhibitionduring this tactic, the subject is encouraged by the agent to give childlike obedience. This makes it easier for the agent to shape the mind of the subject. Unbending Rulesthe rules that are put in place by the agent are often strict and will never be changed. These rules are meant to make it difficult for the subject to think and act on their own; rather, they will spend their time doing exactly what they are told to do by the agent.
There are many different rules that could fit into this category such as the rules that will be followed for the disorientation and regression process all the way to how the subject is allowed to use medications, take bathroom breaks, and eat meals. These rules are put in place in order to completely control the subject during the brainwashing process. Verbal Abuseverbal abuse is one of the tactics that is used during the breaking down stage.
Often the subject will become desensitized when they are bombarded with abusive and foul language all of the time. At times, physical abuse may supplement or replace verbal abuse. Sleep Deprivationwhen a person is not getting the amount of sleep that they require they will often become vulnerable and disoriented. This can help create the ideal environment that the agent is looking for during the breaking down and confession stages of the brainwashing process.
In addition, many times the subject will be required to do prolonged physical and mental activities on top of the inadequate sleep in order to hurry the process even more. Dress Codesenforcing a dress code further removes any individuality that the subject may have as well as the choice they are used to of picking out their own clothes. Often during the brainwashing process, the subject will be demanded to wear the dress code held by the rest of the group.
Chantingthe agent will work to eliminate any non-cult ideas that may be present in the mind of the subject. One way to accomplish this is through chanting or repetition of the phrases that are used by those who follow the new identity. Confessionconfession is deeply encouraged in those who are transforming from their old identity to the new identity. During this process, the subject will destruct their own individual ego by confessing all of their innermost feelings of doubt and personal weaknesses to the agent.
Once they are able to let go of these things, the introduction of the new identity is able to occur. Financial Commitmentin some cases, there will be financial contributions which must be met. This can help the agent in several ways. First, the financial commitment allows an increased dependence of the subject on the group because the subject may be burning bridges to their past. They will donate different assets, whether it is their car, house, money, or some other financial contribution in the hopes that they will be able to get over their shame and guilt.
Now they are financially attached to the new identity. In addition, the agent will be able to use these financial contributions to further their own needs. Pointing the Fingerwhen you are able to point the finger at someone else, you will feel a sense of righteousness. This is your way of telling the world that you are good simply by pointing out some of the shortcomings that are going on in the world.
The agent may point out all of the killing, racism, and greed that are in the world before contrasting it to the good of the new identity that the subject is being led to. Isolationif you are isolated from everything that is around you, it becomes difficult to get outside opinions that might change your mind. This is what the agent will strive for because they do not want all of their work to go away.
Those who are being brainwashed will be separated from society, friends, family, and any other rational references that would change their way of thinking. Controlled Approvalthe agent is going to work in order to maintain the confusion and vulnerability of the subject during the breaking down period. One method of doing this is through controlled approval. The agent will alternately punish and reward similar actions, making it difficult for the subject to know.
Change of Dietchanging the amount of food the subject is allowed to consume is another tactic used to create disorientation while increasing the susceptibility of the subject to emotional arousal. When the agent dramatically decreases the amount of food that the subject is allowed to consume, they are depriving the subjects nervous system of the nutrients that are necessary to thrive. Adding drugs to the mix may also be added into this category.
Gamesgames are sometimes used in order to induce more dependence on the group. Games will be introduced and most of them will have really obscure rules that the subject will not understand. In some instances, the subject will not be told the rules and they must figure them out or the rules will constantly change. This tactic allows the agent to gain more control.
No Questionsduring the brainwashing process, the subject is not allowed to ask questions. Questions promote individual thinking and this is dangerous to the brainwashing practice. When no questions are allowed, it helps the agent accomplish an automatic acceptance from the subject to the new identity. Guiltthe subject has been told that they are bad and that everything they do is bad. Guilt is a common tactic that is used by the agent in order to make the subject question their beliefs and what is going on around them.
The sins of the subjects former lifestyle will be exaggerated in order to bring about the guilt and reinforce the need of salvation in the subject. Fearfear is a powerful motivator and can accomplish a lot more than the other tactics that have been listed. Agents may use fear in order to maintain the obedience and loyalty that are desired to the group.
To do this, the agent may threaten the limb, life, or soul of the subject for anything that is against the new identity that is being presented. These are just a few of the tactics that can be used during the brainwashing process. The point of each of them is to instill the idea that the old identity of the subject is wrong and convince them that the new identity is preferable. There are many different ways that this can be done and many will be more effective when used as a combination. While it is possible that brainwashing can alter the way that someone thinks and act, most experts believe that true brainwashing is exaggerated and cannot be done.
While little examples of brainwashing may occur in everyday life, the majority of people will not find that their whole belief systems have been changed through this process. While brainwashing is a well-known form of mind control that many people have heard of, hypnosis is also an important type that should be considered. For the most part, those who are familiar with hypnosis know about it from watching stage shows of participants doing ridiculous acts.
While this is a type of hypnosis, there is a lot more to it. This chapter is going to concentrate more on hypnosis as a form of mind control. To start with is the definition of hypnosis.
Conversational Hypnosis - A Practical Guide
According to experts, hypnosis is considered a state of consciousness that involves the focused attention along with the reduced peripheral awareness that is characterized by the participants increased capacity to respond to suggestions that are given. This means that the participant is going to enter a different state of mind and will be much more susceptible to following the suggestions that are given by the hypnotist.
It is widely recognized that there are two theory groups that help to describe what is happening during the hypnosis period. The first one is known as the altered state theory. Those who follow this theory see that hypnosis is like a trance or a state of mind that is altered were the participant will see that their awareness is somewhat different from what they would notice in their ordinary conscious state. The other theory is the non-state theories.
Those who follow this theory do not think that those who undergo hypnosis are entering into different states of consciousness. Rather, the participant is working with the hypnotist to enter a type of imaginative role enactment. While in hypnosis, the participant is thought to have more concentration and focus that couples together with a new ability to intensely concentrate on a specific memory or thought. During this process, the participant is also able to block out other sources that might be distracting to them.
The hypnotized subjects are thought to show a heightened ability to respond to suggestions that are given to them, especially when these suggestions come from the hypnotist. The process that is used in order to place the participant into hypnosis is known as hypnotic induction and will involve a series of suggestions and instructions that are used as a type of warm up.
There are many different thoughts that are brought up by the experts as to what the definition of hypnosis is. The wide variety of these definitions comes from the fact that there are just so many different circumstances that come with hypnosis and no one person has the same experience when they are going through it. Some of the different definitions of hypnosis by experts include the following:. Ernest Hilgard and Janet Hilgard have written in great depth about hypnosis and describe it has a way for the body to dissociate from itself in another plane of consciousness.
Sarbin and Coe, two well-known social psychologists, have use the term of role theory to describe hypnosis. Under this definition, the participant is playing the role of being hypnotized; they are acting like they are hypnotized rather than actually being in that state. According to T. Barber, hypnosis is defined based on the different nonhypnotic behavioral parameters.
Under this definition, the participant will define the task motivation and label the situation that they are in as hypnosis since they have no other thing to call it. Weitzenhoffer wrote in some of his earlier writings about hypnosis. He conceptualized that hypnosis is a state of enhanced suggestibility. In more recent writings, he went on to define the act of hypnosis as a form of influence by one person exerted on another through the medium or agency of suggestion. Brenman and Gill used the psychoanalytic concept of regression in the service of the ego, to help describe what hypnosis was all about.
Under this definition, the participant is willing to go under hypnosis and into the altered state because it helps out their ego and makes them to. According to Edmonston a person who has undergone hypnosis is simply in a deep state of relaxation. Spiegel and Spiegel have stated that hypnosis is simply something that happens because of the biological capacity of the participant. Erickson states that hypnosis is an altered, inner-directed, and special state of functioning.
The participant is still able to function and is conscious of things around them, but they are in an altered state compared to their normal state. There are many different views and statements that have been made about hypnosis. Some people believe that hypnosis is very real and are paranoid that the government and others around them will try to control their minds.
Others do not believe in hypnosis at all and think that it is just sleight of hand. Most likely, the idea of hypnosis as mind control falls somewhere in the middle. There are three stages of hypnosis that are recognized by the psychological community. These three stages include induction, suggestion, and susceptibility. Each of them is important to the hypnosis process and will be discussed further below. The first stage of hypnosis is induction. Before the participant undergoes the full hypnosis, they will be introduced to the hypnotic induction technique. For many years this was thought to be the method used to put the subject into their hypnotic trance, but that definition has changed some in modern times.
Some of the non-state theorists have seen this stage slightly differently. Instead they see this stage as the method to heighten the participants expectations of what is going to happen, defining the role that they will play, getting their attention to focus in the right direction, and any of the other steps that are needed in order to lead the participant into the right direction for hypnosis.
There are several induction techniques that can be used during hypnosis. The most well-known and influential methods is Braids eye fixation technique or Braidism. This scale is the most used tool for research in the field of hypnosis. To use the Braid induction techniques you will have to follow a couple of steps. The first one is to take any object that you can find that is bright, such as a watch case, and hold it between the middle, fore, and thumb fingers on the left hand. You will want to hold this object about inches from the eyes of the participant. Hold the object somewhere above the forehead so that it produces a lot of strain on the eyelids and eyes during the process so that the participant is able to maintain a fixed stare on the object at all times.
The hypnotist must then explain to the participant that they should keep their eyes always fixed on to the object. The patient will also need to focus their mind completely on the idea of that particular object. They should not be allowed to think of other things or let their minds and eyes wander or else the process will not be successful. After a short time, the participants eyes will begin to dilate. With a little more time the participant will. If the participant involuntarily closes their eyelids when the middle and fore fingers of the right hand are carried from the eyes to the object, then they are in the trance.
If not, then the participant will need to begin again; make sure to let the participant know that they are to allow their eyes to close once the fingers are carried in a similar motion back towards the eyes again. This will get the patient to go into the altered state of mind that is known as hypnosis.
While Braid stood by his own technique, he did acknowledge that using the induction technique of hypnosis is not always necessary for every case. In fact, researchers in modern times have usually found that the induction technique is not as important to the effects of hypnotic suggestion as previously thought. Over time, other alternatives and variations of the original hypnotic induction technique have been developed, although the Braid method is still considered the best.
The next stage of hypnosis is known as the suggestion stage. When hypnosis was first described by James Braid, the term of suggestion was not used. Instead, Braid referred to this stage as the act of having the conscious mind of the participant focus on one central and dominant idea. The way that Braid did this was to stimulate or reduce the physiological functioning of the different regions on the participants body. Later on, Braid began to place more and more emphasis on the use of different non-verbal and verbal forms of suggestion in order to get the participant into the hypnotic state of mind.
These would include using waking suggestions as well as self-hypnosis. Another well-known hypnotist, Hippolyte Bernheim, continued to shift the emphasis of the physical state of the process of hypnosis over to the psychological process that contained verbal suggestions. According to Bernheim, hypnotism is the induction of a psychical condition that is peculiar and which will increase the susceptibility of the suggestion to the participant. Often, he stated, the hypnotic state that is induced will help to facilitate the suggestion, even though this might not be necessary to start the susceptibility in the first place.
Modern hypnotism uses a lot of different suggestion forms in order to be successful such as metaphors, insinuations, indirect or non-verbal suggestions, direct verbal suggestions, and other figures of speech and suggestions that are non-verbal. Some of the non-verbal suggestions that may be used during the suggestion stage would include physical manipulation, voice tonality, and mental imagery. One of the distinctions that are made in the types of suggestion that can be offered to the participant includes those suggestions that are delivered with permission and those that are more authoritarian in manner.
One of the things that have to be considered in regards to hypnosis is the difference between the unconscious and the conscious mind.